File Trademark (TM) Opposition Reply in India

A trademark opposition reply is a type of proceeding where the applicant or a third party can raise an objection against the trademark obtained by your company before it is granted a legal statute or gets published.

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What Is Trademark Opposition?

As self-explanatory as it is, trademark opposition is the legal act of raising an objection against a company’s published trademark. A trademark is a symbol, image, or words that legally represents a company or firm.

Typically, companies save their business identity in the eyes of the law by completing trademark registration through the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade portal under the Ministry of Commerce & Industry.

The process of trademark registration is a bit lengthy and time-consuming. It is usually recommended to hire experts who can aid in the trademark registration process.

However, there are several grounds on which a business/individual/firm may object to the published trademark. Let’s see a few of those:


Grounds On Which Opposition Can Be Raised on a Trademark

In India, any business/person/firm/partnership/trust of legal stature can raise an opposition to the trademark within 4 months of its publication.

In fact, the trademark registry may also raise an objection against the applicant’s company trademark. But they don’t do it unless there is a very good reason.

Here are the grounds under which someone can file an opposition:

  • The trademark does not have any meaning or doesn’t clarify what the company is about. The logo should have distinguishing features or contain indications that reflect the quality, quantity, intended purpose, values, geographical origin, or production time.
  • The trademark may confuse the public. This includes any mark that can be associated with an already registered trademark online for your brand or that has become common in commercial practice.
  • The mark contains material that may offend the religious sentiments of any class or group of people.
types of company registration

How Do You Know If Your Company’s Trademark Has Been Opposed?

Trademark Opposition

In India, when applicants register to get their trademarks registered, the application goes to the Trademarks Registry and after getting register you will know that many type of trademark registration you can.

Applicants can also keep checking the status of their application through the online portal If the trademark has been challenged, the applicants will see “Opposed” written in their application’s status.


Replying to Trademark Opposition

The business can file the application with the trademark registry headquartered in Mumbai. The trademark registry also operates at pen india. There can be two cases where you need to respond to a trademark opposition.

  1. The trademark registry has published the trademark and there are errors that you are looking to rectify.
  2. When someone else has an objection against the published trademark of your company,

In both cases, you will need to respond to the notice in a timely manner. This is a crucial step.


Notice of trademark opposition

When someone opposes a trademark registration, the Trademarks Registry sends a notice of opposition to the concerned parties containing the following details:

  • Opposer Information: Name, given date, address, and correspondence data
  • Application Information: Application number, publication date, opposition filing date, opposition period ending date, applicant’s name
  • Goods/Services affected by opposition: This section typically contains the class of products.
  • Grounds for opposition: The concerning opposition and the Trademark Act Section under which it falls.

Filling TM-O Form

The applicant who receives the notice of opposition must respond to the same by filing a TM-O form. Check out the following file to see what the form looks like. After going through it, you will know about to apply for the trademark renewal online , why necessary.


Drafting a statement of response

We will help you analyze the opposition report and determine the possible reason for the opposition. The next step after this will be to help you prepare a proper response against the opposition along with supporting documents like a registration application.

Note: Please remember that it is mandatory to respond to the opposition within a certain period of time.


Application submission

Once you have completed the online formalities, the registrar will carefully consider your responses. Your application will be processed if found acceptable. If not, the registrar will schedule a date for the hearing. Also, it canhelp you to protect the business India by regiter trademark opposition in India.

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Trademark Opposition under Trademark Law in India is the act of raising objections against a company’s published trademark. This trademark is typically designed as a logo, a symbol, or image and represents a company’s values, beliefs, or core principles.

A trademark objection is a concern raised by the examiner or registrar, whereas trademark opposition in India is the concern initiated by the applicant or a third party.

Technically, when someone else uses the same trademark as your company, the other company is, in a sense, trying to steal away your goodwill, audience, and loyal customers.

Yes. Copying someone else’s copyrighted or registered trademark is an offensive crime.

If you copy someone’s trademark or design without the owner’s permission, it can cost you a case of intentional infringement of a registered trademark. As per criminal sanctions, the crime can attract a prison sentence which cannot be less than six months and can be extended up to 3 years.

Luckily, we have a dedicated section for how to register a trademark online with expert help. Now you can experience hassle-free trademark registration in a few simple steps under the guidance of legal professionals.

As already mentioned, any applicant can point out the errors in the published trademark by filling out an application online to the trademark registry. The government body also facilitates an online service to ease the process. However, some applicants may find the digital process complex, for which they can hire a professional consultancy for guidance.

As a matter of fact, yes. You may need to submit a list of documents to the Trademark Opposition Process in India. You can formally challenge the issues in published trademarks.

The process of trademark rectification may take up to 4–6 weeks to receive approval.

Typically, the government will send a notice of opposition to the applicant and the opposer. The trademark registry will give time to the applicant to respond to the case (30 days). If the applicant fails to respond, the opponent may win the case.

In India, trademarks are protected for a period of 10 years after a successful registration. Once the validity expires, companies usually need to re-apply to get their trademarks registered once again.

In case you don’t respond to the opposition raised against the published trademark, the application is marked as abandoned.

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